The Socotra archipelago, which is a part of Yemen and is situated in the Arabian Sea, is home to the dragon tree known as Dracaena cinnabari, also known as the dragon's blood tree. The red sap that the trees produce is the reason for the name. A well-known tree with a lengthy history of commercial use is the Socotra dragon tree. It only exists on the Yemeni island of Socotra, where it can be found in the ruins of ancient "Dragonsblood" forests on granite mountains and limestone plateaus. This evergreen species has a peculiar growth habit known as the dracoid habitus, which is described as an inverted, densely packed crown with the appearance of an upright-held umbrella.
The root produces a gum-resin that is used in toothpaste, gargle water, and as an astringent and stimulant. The leaves are a carminative, while the root is used to treat rheumatism. The dragon tree's ruby scarlet resin, sometimes known as dragon's blood, which was esteemed in antiquity and is still utilized today, can be extracted. It is used as a medicinal and a dye in the Mediterranean region. Socotrans also use it to dye wool, glue pottery, make lipstick, and use it as a breath refresher. Veneer from the dragon's blood of Dracaena cinnabari was employed by Italian violin makers in the 18th century. In the 18th century, it was also used as toothpaste. It is still utilized for photoengraving and as violin varnish.
The locals of the city on the island of Socotra utilize the resin from dragon's blood as a universal remedy. It is used by the Greeks, Romans, and Arabs for general wound healing, as a coagulant (to stop profuse bleeding), as a remedy for diarrhea, as an astringent for dysentery disorders, and as a means of bringing down fevers. Additionally, it is used to treat stomach, intestinal, mouth, and throat ulcers.
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