The flowering plant species known as parsley, sometimes known as garden parsley, or Petroselinum crispum, is native to the central and eastern Mediterranean region but has naturalized elsewhere in Europe. It is commonly farmed as both a herb and a vegetable. In Europe and western Asia, curly leaf parsley is frequently used as a garnish; many dishes are served with fresh green chopped parsley sprinkled on top. Particularly rich in luteolin, apigenin, folate, vitamin K, vitamin C, and vitamin A, parsley is a good source of flavonoids and antioxidants. In addition to possibly preventing stomach ulcers, parsley extract is used to treat a variety of digestive symptoms such indigestion, gas, and appetite loss.
Parsley in salads can drastically lower blood sugar levels when consumed daily, possibly by blocking gluconeogenesis and directly promoting glycolysis. As a diuretic, parsley extract promotes healthy kidney function and increases urination. When combined with other herbs, parsley increases the uterus' blood flow, strengthens its muscles, and aids in contraction to maintain a regular menstrual flow. The parsley's essential oil lubricates the joints, easing arthritic pain and inflammation.
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