The pomegranate, also known as Anar, Dadim, or Dalimb in India, is a deciduous shrub that bears fruit and belongs to the subfamily Punicoideae of the family Lythraceae. Its height ranges from 5 to 10 meters (16 to 33 feet). Pomegranates have been grown in the Mediterranean region since ancient times and are now sold in marketplaces throughout the Western Hemisphere and Europe. They are native to the area that stretches from Iran to northern India. Pomegranate juice can be either sweet or sour, however the majority of fruits have a mild flavor with sour undertones from the juice's acidic ellagitannins (one form of tanin). Pomegranate juice has long been a favorite beverage in Europe and the Middle East, and it is now widely available in North America, Europe, and other countries.
The most prevalent phytochemicals in pomegranate juice, according to research, are polyphenols, which include the hydrolyzable tannins known as ellagitannins that are produced when ellagic acid and gallic acid combine with a carbohydrate to form pomegranate ellagitannins, also known as punicalagins. The presence of the antioxidant anthocyanins is what gives the juice its red hue. In vivo and in vitro studies have shown that pomegranate fruit extract improves antioxidant capability. Punicalagin isomers, ellagic acid, anthocyanins, and other flavanols are only a few of the phenolic chemicals found in pomegranates that may be responsible for this function. Additionally, pomegranate juice ingestion dramatically raises testosterone levels, spermatogenic cell density, and sperm quality in male rats.
Various disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, oxidative stress, hyperglycemia, and inflammatory activities, can be prevented or treated with pomegranate or dadim fruit extract. Pomegranate fruit extract may assist to boost haemoglobin levels, enhance red blood cell quality, and promote overall blood wellbeing. In cases of arthritis and rheumatoid joint discomfort, pomegranate fruit extract acts as an anti-inflammatory agent. Dalimb fruit extract aids in shielding skin layers from the damaging effects of pollutants, radiation from the outside, sunburn, etc. Pomegranate fruit extract may promote quicker wound recovery and shield skin from breaking brought on by harsh weather conditions.
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